- Research Article
- Open Access

# Strong Convergence of Two Iterative Algorithms for Nonexpansive Mappings in Hilbert Spaces

- Yonghong Yao
^{1}Email author, - Yeong Cheng Liou
^{2}and - Giuseppe Marino
^{3}

**2009**:279058

https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/279058

© Yonghong Yao et al. 2009

**Received:**6 April 2009**Accepted:**12 September 2009**Published:**12 October 2009

## Abstract

We introduce two iterative algorithms for nonexpansive mappings in Hilbert spaces. We prove that the proposed algorithms strongly converge to a fixed point of a nonexpansive mapping .

## Keywords

- Hilbert Space
- Partial Differential Equation
- Inverse Problem
- Iterative Method
- Nonlinear Mapping

## 1. Introduction

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Hilbert space . Recall that a mapping is said to be nonexpansive if

for all . We use to denote the set of fixed points of .

Construction of fixed points of nonlinear mappings is an important and active research area. In particular, iterative algorithms for finding fixed points of nonexpansive mappings have received vast investigation (cf. [1, 2]) since these algorithms find applications in a variety of applied areas of inverse problem, partial differential equations, image recovery, and signal processing see; [3–8]. Iterative methods for nonexpansive mappings have been extensively investigated in the literature; see [1–7, 9–21].

It is our purpose in this paper to introduce two iterative algorithms for nonexpansive mappings in Hilbert spaces. We prove that the proposed algorithms strongly converge to a fixed point of nonexpansive mapping .

## 2. Preliminaries

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of . For every point , there exists a unique nearest point in , denoted by such that

The mapping is called the metric projection of onto . It is well known that is a nonexpansive mapping.

In order to prove our main results, we need the following well-known lemmas.

Lemma 2.1 (see [22], Demiclosed principle).

Let be a nonempty closed convex of a real Hilbert space . Let be a nonexpansive mapping. Then is demiclosed at , that is, if and , then .

Lemma 2.2 (see [20]).

Let , be bounded sequences in a Banach space , and let be a sequence in which satisfies the following condition: . Suppose that for all and , then .

Lemma 2.3 (see [22]).

Assume, that is a sequence of nonnegative real numbers such that , where is a sequence in and is a sequence in such that

(i) ,

(ii) or ,

then .

## 3. Main Results

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Hilbert space . Let be a nonexpansive mapping. For each , we consider the following mapping given by

It is easy to check that which implies that is a contraction. Using the Banach contraction principle, there exists a unique fixed point of in , that is,

Theorem 3.1.

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Hilbert space . Let be a nonexpansive mapping with . For each , let the net be generated by (3.2). Then, as , the net converges strongly to a fixed point of .

Proof.

Hence, is bounded.

Hence, the weak convergence of to actually implies that strongly. This has proved the relative norm compactness of the net as .

which implies that . This completes the proof.

Theorem 3.2.

Suppose that the following conditions are satisfied:

(i) and ,

(ii) ,

then the sequence generated by (3.15) strongly converges to a fixed point of .

Proof.

Hence, is bounded and so is .

We can check that all assumptions of Lemma 2.3 are satisfied. Therefore, . This completes the proof.

## Declarations

### Acknowledgment

The second author was partially supposed by the Grant NSC 98-2622-E-230-006-CC3 and NSC 98-2923-E-110-003-MY3.

## Authors’ Affiliations

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## Copyright

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.