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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Fixed point theorems in spaces and -trees

Fixed Point Theory and Applications20042004:738084

  • Received: 10 June 2004
  • Published:


We show that if is a bounded open set in a complete space , and if is nonexpansive, then always has a fixed point if there exists such that for all . It is also shown that if is a geodesically bounded closed convex subset of a complete -tree with , and if is a continuous mapping for which for some and all , then has a fixed point. It is also noted that a geodesically bounded complete -tree has the fixed point property for continuous mappings. These latter results are used to obtain variants of the classical fixed edge theorem in graph theory.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Mathematics, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1419, USA


© Kirk 2004