- Research Article
- Open Access

# Generalized Hyers-Ulam Stability of the Pexiderized Cauchy Functional Equation in Non-Archimedean Spaces

- Abbas Najati
^{1}and - YeolJe Cho
^{2}Email author

**2011**:309026

https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/309026

© Abbas Najati and Yeol Je Cho. 2011

**Received:**22 October 2010**Accepted:**8 March 2011**Published:**14 March 2011

## Abstract

## Keywords

- Functional Equation
- Stability Problem
- Additive Mapping
- Alternative Result
- Quadratic Functional Equation

## 1. Introduction

The stability problem of functional equations was originated from a question of Ulam [1] concerning the stability of group homomorphisms.

Let be a group and let be a metric group with the metric . Given , does there exist a such that, if a function satisfies the inequality for all , then there exists a homomorphism with for all

In other words, we are looking for situations when the homomorphisms are stable, that is, if a mapping is almost a homomorphism, then there exists a true homomorphism near it. If we turn our attention to the case of functional equations, we can ask the following question.

When the solutions of an equation differing slightly from a given one must be close to the true solution of the given equation.

for all
. Rassias [3] succeeded in extending the result of Hyers by weakening the condition for the Cauchy difference to be unbounded. A number of mathematicians were attracted to this result of Rassias and stimulated to investigate the stability problems of functional equations. The stability phenomenon that was introduced and proved by Rassias is called the *generalized Hyers-Ulam stability.* Forti [4] and Găvruţa [5] have generalized the result of Rassias, which permitted the Cauchy difference to become arbitrary unbounded. The stability problems of several functional equations have been extensively investigated by a number of authors, and there are many interesting results concerning this problem. A large list of references can be found, for example, in [3, 6–30].

Definition 1.1.

A field
equipped with a function (valuation)
from
into
is called a *non-Archimedean field* if the function
satisfies the following conditions:

Definition 1.2.

Let
be a vector space over scaler field
with a non-Archimedean nontrivial valuation
. A function
is a *non-Archimedean norm* (valuation) if it satisfies the following conditions:

the strong triangle inequality, namely,

The pair
is called a *non-Archimedean space* if
is non-Archimedean norm on
.

for all , where with . Therefore, a sequence is a Cauchy sequence in non-Archimedean space if and only if the sequence converges to zero in . In a complete non-Archimedean space, every Cauchy sequence is convergent.

In 1897, Hensel [31] discovered the
-adic number as a number theoretical analogue of power series in complex analysis. Fix a prime number
. For any nonzero rational number
, there exists a unique integer
such that
, where
and
are integers not divisible by
. Then
defines a non-Archimedean norm on
. The completion of
with respect to metric
, which is denoted by
, is called
*-adic number field*. In fact,
is the set of all formal series
, where
are integers. The addition and multiplication between any two elements of
are defined naturally. The norm
is a non-Archimedean norm on
, and it makes
a locally compact field (see [32, 33]).

In [34], Arriola and Beyer showed that, if is a continuous mapping for which there exists a fixed such that for all , then there exists a unique additive mapping such that for all . The stability problem of the Cauchy functional equation and quadratic functional equation has been investigated by Moslehian and Rassias [19] in non-Archimedean spaces.

for all if and only if it satisfies the additive Cauchy functional equation .

## 2. Generalized Hyers-Ulam Stability of the Jensen Functional Equation

Throughout this section, let be a normed space with norm and a complete non-Archimedean space with norm .

Theorem 2.1.

for all , then is a unique additive mapping satisfying (2.5).

Proof.

for all and all nonnegative integers . It follows from (2.1) and (2.8) that the sequence is a Cauchy sequence in for all . Since is complete, the sequence converges for all . Hence one can define the mapping by (2.4).

for all and . By passing the limit in (2.9) and using (2.2), we obtain (2.5).

for all . Therefore, the mapping is additive.

for all . So . This completes the proof.

The following theorem is an alternative result of Theorem 2.1, and its proof is similar to the proof of Theorem 2.1.

Theorem 2.2.

for all , then is a unique additive mapping satisfying (2.17).

## 3. Generalized Hyers-Ulam Stability of the Pexiderized Cauchy Functional Equation

Throughout this section, let be a normed space with norm and a complete non-Archimedean space with norm .

Theorem 3.1.

for all , then is a unique additive mapping satisfying (3.7), (3.8), and (3.9).

Proof.

for all . The uniqueness of , and follows from (3.10).

for all . Similarly, we get for all . Therefore, (3.6) follows from (3.14), (3.18), and (3.22). This completes the proof.

The next theorem is an alternative result of Theorem 3.1.

Theorem 3.2.

for all , then is a unique additive mapping satisfying the above inequalities.

## Declarations

### Acknowledgment

Y. J. Cho was supported by the Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government (KRF-2008-313-C00050).

## Authors’ Affiliations

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