- Research Article
- Open Access
An Iterative Algorithm for Mixed Equilibrium Problems and Variational Inclusions Approach to Variational Inequalities
© Yeong-Cheng Liou. 2010
- Received: 13 September 2009
- Accepted: 10 January 2010
- Published: 21 January 2010
We present an iterative algorithm for finding a common element of the set of solutions of a mixed equilibrium problem and the set of a variational inclusion in a real Hilbert space. Furthermore, we prove that the proposed iterative algorithms strongly converge to which solves some variational inequality.
- Variational Inequality
- Equilibrium Problem
- Nonexpansive Mapping
- Strong Convergence
- Iterative Scheme
Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Hilbert space . Let be a nonlinear mapping, let be a function, and let be a bifunction of into . Now we consider the following mixed equilibrium problem:
The set of solution of problem (1.1) is denoted by EP.
The mixed equilibrium problems include fixed point problems, optimization problems, variational inequality problems, Nash equilibrium problems, and the equilibrium problems as special cases; see, for example, [3–8]. Some methods have been proposed to solve the mixed equilibrium problem and the equilibrium problem. In 1997, Flaim and Antipen  introduced an iterative method of finding the best approximation to the initial data and proved a strong convergence theorem. Subsequently, S. Takahashi and W. Takahashi  introduced another iterative scheme for finding a common element of the set of solutions of the equilibrium problem (1.2) and the set of fixed point points of a nonexpansive mapping. Furthermore, Yao et al.  introduced some new iterative schemes for finding a common element of the set of solutions of the equilibrium problem (1.2) and the set of common fixed points of finitely (infinitely) nonexpansive mappings. Very recently, Ceng and Yao  considered a new iterative scheme for finding a common element of the set of solutions of the mixed equilibrium problem and the set of common fixed points of finitely many nonexpansive mappings. Peng and Yao  developed a CQ method. They obtained some strong convergence results for finding a common element of the set of solutions of the mixed equilibrium problem (1.1) and the set of the variational inequality and the set of fixed points of a nonexpansive mapping. Their results extend and improve the corresponding results in [1, 9, 12].
where is the zero vector in . The set of solutions of problem (1.6) is denoted by . If , then problem (1.6) becomes the generalized equation introduced by Robinson . If , then problem (1.6) becomes the inclusion problem introduced by Rockafellar . It is known that (1.6) provides a convenient framework for the unified study of optimal solutions in many optimization related areas including mathematical programming, complementarity, variational inequalities, optimal control, mathematical economics, equilibria, and game theory. Also various types of variational inclusions problems have been extended and generalized. Recently, Zhang et al.  introduced a new iterative scheme for finding a common element of the set of solutions to the problem (1.6) and the set of fixed points of nonexpansive mappings in Hilbert spaces. Peng et al.  introduced another iterative scheme by the viscosity approximate method for finding a common element of the set of solutions of a variational inclusion with set-valued maximal monotone mapping and inverse strongly monotone mappings, the set of solutions of an equilibrium problem, and the set of fixed points of a nonexpansive mapping. For some related works, please see [1, 2, 9–11, 13–34] and the references therein.
Inspired and motivated by the works in the literature, in this paper, we present an iterative algorithm for finding a common element of the set of solutions of a mixed equilibrium problem and the set of a variational inclusion in a real Hilbert space. Furthermore, we prove that the proposed iterative algorithms strongly converge to which solves some variational inequality.
A set-valued mapping is called monotone if, for all , and imply . A monotone mapping is maximal if its graph is not properly contained in the graph of any other monotone mapping. It is known that a monotone mapping is maximal if and only if, for , for every implies .
where is a positive number. It is worth mentioning that the resolvent operator is single-valued, nonexpansive, and 1-inverse strongly monotone and that a solution of problem (1.6) is a fixed point of the operator for all , see, for instance, .
Lemma (see ).
Lemma (see ).
Lemma (see ).
In this section, we will prove our main result. First, we give some assumptions on the operators and the parameters. Subsequently, we introduce our iterative algorithm for finding a common element of the set of solutions of a mixed equilibrium problem and the set of a variational inclusion. Finally, we will show that the proposed algorithm has strong convergence.
Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Hilbert space . Let be a lower semicontinuous and convex function and let be a bifunction satisfying conditions (H1)–(H5). Let be a strongly positive bounded linear operator with coefficient and let be a maximal monotone mapping. Let the mappings be -inverse strongly monotone and -inverse strongly monotone, respectively. Let and be two constants such that and .
Now we introduce the following iteration algorithm.
Now we study the strong convergence of the algorithm (3.1).
We divide our proofs into the following five steps:
From (3.1), we deduce that
Substituting (3.14) into (3.13), we get
Next, we show that . In fact, since is -inverse strongly monotone, is Lipschitz continuous monotone mapping. It follows from Lemma 2.2 that is maximal monotone. Let , that is, . Again since , we have , that is, . By virtue of the maximal monotonicity of , we have
From (3.1), we have
The author was supported in part by NSC 98-2622-E-230-006-CC3 and NSC 98-2923-E-110-003-MY3.
- Ceng L-C, Yao J-C: A hybrid iterative scheme for mixed equilibrium problems and fixed point problems. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics 2008,214(1):186–201. 10.1016/j.cam.2007.02.022MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Takahashi S, Takahashi W: Strong convergence theorem for a generalized equilibrium problem and a nonexpansive mapping in a Hilbert space. Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications 2008,69(3):1025–1033. 10.1016/j.na.2008.02.042MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Blum E, Oettli W: From optimization and variational inequalities to equilibrium problems. The Mathematics Student 1994,63(1–4):123–145.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
- Flåm SD, Antipin AS: Equilibrium programming using proximal-like algorithms. Mathematical Programming 1997,78(1):29–41.MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Zeng L-C, Wu S-Y, Yao J-C: Generalized KKM theorem with applications to generalized minimax inequalities and generalized equilibrium problems. Taiwanese Journal of Mathematics 2006,10(6):1497–1514.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
- Chadli O, Wong NC, Yao JC: Equilibrium problems with applications to eigenvalue problems. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications 2003,117(2):245–266. 10.1023/A:1023627606067MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Chadli O, Schaible S, Yao JC: Regularized equilibrium problems with application to noncoercive hemivariational inequalities. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications 2004,121(3):571–596.MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Konnov IV, Schaible S, Yao JC: Combined relaxation method for mixed equilibrium problems. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications 2005,126(2):309–322. 10.1007/s10957-005-4716-0MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Takahashi S, Takahashi W: Viscosity approximation methods for equilibrium problems and fixed point problems in Hilbert spaces. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 2007,331(1):506–515. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2006.08.036MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Yao Y, Liou Y-C, Yao J-C: Convergence theorem for equilibrium problems and fixed point problems of infinite family of nonexpansive mappings. Fixed Point Theory and Applications 2007, 2007:-12.Google Scholar
- Peng J-W, Yao J-C: A new hybrid-extragradient method for generalized mixed equilibrium problems, fixed point problems and variational inequality problems. Taiwanese Journal of Mathematics 2008,12(6):1401–1432.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
- Combettes PL, Hirstoaga SA: Equilibrium programming in Hilbert spaces. Journal of Nonlinear and Convex Analysis 2005,6(1):117–136.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
- Robinson SM: Generalized equations and their solutions. I. Basic theory. Mathematical Programming Study 1979, (10):128–141.Google Scholar
- Rockafellar RT: Monotone operators and the proximal point algorithm. SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization 1976,14(5):877–898. 10.1137/0314056MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Zhang S-S, Lee JHW, Chan CK: Algorithms of common solutions to quasi variational inclusion and fixed point problems. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. English Edition 2008,29(5):571–581. 10.1007/s10483-008-0502-yMathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Peng J-W, Wang Y, Shyu DS, Yao J-C: Common solutions of an iterative scheme for variational inclusions, equilibrium problems, and fixed point problems. Journal of Inequalities and Applications 2008, 2008:-15.Google Scholar
- Ding XP, Lin YC, Yao JC: Predictor-corrector algorithms for solving generalized mixed implicit quasi-equilibrium problems. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics 2006,27(9):1157–1164. 10.1007/s10483-006-0901-1MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Plubtieng S, Punpaeng R: A general iterative method for equilibrium problems and fixed point problems in Hilbert spaces. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 2007,336(1):455–469. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2007.02.044MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Tada A, Takahashi W: Strong convergence theorem for an equilibrium problem and a nonexpansive mapping. In Nonlinear Analysis and Convex Analysis. Edited by: Takahashi W, Tanaka T. Yokohama Publishers, Yokohama, Japan; 2007:609–617.Google Scholar
- Shimoji K, Takahashi W: Strong convergence to common fixed points of infinite nonexpansive mappings and applications. Taiwanese Journal of Mathematics 2001,5(2):387–404.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
- Yao Y, Yao J-C: On modified iterative method for nonexpansive mappings and monotone mappings. Applied Mathematics and Computation 2007,186(2):1551–1558. 10.1016/j.amc.2006.08.062MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Moudafi A: Viscosity approximation methods for fixed-points problems. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 2000,241(1):46–55. 10.1006/jmaa.1999.6615MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Adly S: Perturbed algorithms and sensitivity analysis for a general class of variational inclusions. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 1996,201(2):609–630. 10.1006/jmaa.1996.0277MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Brézis H: Opérateurs Maximaux Monotones et Semi-Groupes de Contractions dans les Espaces de Hilbert, North-Holland Mathematics Studies, no. 5. North-Holland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; 1973:vi+183.Google Scholar
- Lemaire B: Which fixed point does the iteration method select? In Recent Advances in Optimization (Trier, 1996), Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Volume 452. Springer, Berlin, Germany; 1997:154–167.Google Scholar
- Yao Y, Liou Y-C: Weak and strong convergence of Krasnoselski-Mann iteration for hierarchical fixed point problems. Inverse Problems 2008,24(1):-8.Google Scholar
- Yao Y, Liou Y-C, Yao J-C: An iterative algorithm for approximating convex minimization problem. Applied Mathematics and Computation 2007,188(1):648–656. 10.1016/j.amc.2006.10.039MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Yao Y, Chen R, Yao J-C: Strong convergence and certain control conditions for modified Mann iteration. Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications 2008,68(6):1687–1693. 10.1016/j.na.2007.01.009MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Ding XP: Perturbed Ishikawa type iterative algorithm for generalized quasivariational inclusions. Applied Mathematics and Computation 2003,141(2–3):359–373. 10.1016/S0096-3003(02)00261-8MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Huang N-J: Mann and Ishikawa type perturbed iterative algorithms for generalized nonlinear implicit quasi-variational inclusions. Computers & Mathematics with Applications 1998,35(10):1–7. 10.1016/S0898-1221(98)00066-2MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Fang Y-P, Huang N-J: -monotone operator and resolvent operator technique for variational inclusions. Applied Mathematics and Computation 2003,145(2–3):795–803. 10.1016/S0096-3003(03)00275-3MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Lin L-J: Variational inclusions problems with applications to Ekeland's variational principle, fixed point and optimization problems. Journal of Global Optimization 2007,39(4):509–527. 10.1007/s10898-007-9153-1MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
- Verma RU: General system of -monotone variational inclusion problems based on generalized hybrid iterative algorithm. Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems 2007,1(3):326–335. 10.1016/j.nahs.2006.07.002MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
- Xu H-K: Viscosity approximation methods for nonexpansive mappings. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 2004,298(1):279–291. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2004.04.059MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.