- Research Article
- Open Access

# Convergence of Paths for Perturbed Maximal Monotone Mappings in Hilbert Spaces

- Yuan Qing
^{1}, - Xiaolong Qin
^{1}, - Haiyun Zhou
^{2}and - ShinMin Kang
^{3}Email author

**2010**:547828

https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/547828

© Yuan Qing et al. 2010

**Received:**16 July 2010**Accepted:**20 December 2010**Published:**5 January 2011

## Abstract

Let
be a Hilbert space and
a nonempty closed convex subset of
. Let
be a maximal monotone mapping and
a bounded demicontinuous strong pseudocontraction. Let
be the unique solution to the equation
. Then
is bounded if and only if
converges strongly to a zero point of *A* as
which is the unique solution in
, where
denotes the zero set of
, to the following variational inequality
, for all
.

## Keywords

- Hilbert Space
- Banach Space
- Variational Inequality
- Convex Subset
- Monotone Mapping

## 1. Introduction and Preliminaries

Throughout this work, we always assume that is a real Hilbert space, whose inner product and norm are denoted by and , respectively. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of and a nonlinear mapping. We use and to denote the domain and the range of the mapping . and denote strong and weak convergence, respectively.

Recall the following well-known definitions.

(2)The single-valued mapping
is *maximal* if the graph
of
is not properly contained in the graph of any other monotone mapping. It is known that a monotone mapping
is *maximal* if and only if for
,
for every
implies
.

*pseudomonotone*if for any sequence in which converges weakly to an element in with we have

(4)
is said to be *bounded* if it carries bounded sets into bounded sets; it is coercive if
as
.

(5)Let
be linear normed spaces.
is said to be *demicontinuous* if, for any
we have
as
.

(6)Let
be a mapping of a linear normed space
into its dual space
.
is said to be *hemicontinuous* if it is continuous from each line segment in
to the weak topology in
.

(8)The mapping
with the domain
and the range
in
is said to be *strongly pseudocontractive* if there exists a constant
such that

Remark 1.1.

For the maximal monotone operator , we can defined the resolvent of by . It is well know that is nonexpansive.

Remark 1.2.

It is well-known that if is demicontinuous, then is hemicontinuous, however, the converse, in general, may not be true. In reflexive Banach spaces, for monotone mappings defined on the whole Banach space, demicontinuity is equivalent to hemicontinuity.

To find zeroes of maximal monotone operators is the central and important topics in nonlinear functional analysis. We observe that is a zero of the monotone mapping if and only if it is a fixed point of the pseudocontractive mapping . Consequently, considerable research works, especially, for the past 40 years or more, have been devoted to the existence and convergence of zero points for monotone mappings or fixed points of pseudocontractions, see, for instance, [1–23].

In 1965, Browder [1] proved the existence result of fixed point for demicontinuous pseudocontractions in Hilbert spaces. To be more precise, he proved the following theorem.

Theorem Bo

Let be a Hilbert space, a nonempty bounded and closed convex subset of and a demicontinuous pseduo-contraction. Then has a fixed point in .

In 1968, Browder [4] proved the existence results of zero points for maximal monotone mappings in reflexive Banach spaces. To be more precise, he proved the following theorem.

Theorem Bt

Let be a reflexive Banach space, a maximal monotone mapping and a bounded, pseudomonotone and coercive mapping. Then, for any , there exists such that , or is all of .

For the existence of continuous paths for continuous pseudocontractions in Banach spaces, Morales and Jung [15] proved the following theorem.

Theorem MJ.

Let be a Banach space. Suppose that is a nonempty closed convex subset of and is a continuous pseudocontraction satisfying the weakly inward condition. Then for each , there exists a unique continuous path , , which satisfies the following equation .

In 2002, Lan and Wu [14] partially improved the result of Morales and Jung [15] from continuous pseudocontractions to demicontinuous pseudocontractions in the framework of Hilbert spaces. To be more precise, they proved the following theorem.

Theorem LW.

Let be a bounded closed convex set in . Assume that is a demicontinuous weakly inward pseudocontractive map. Then has a fixed point in . Moreover; for every , defined by converges to a fixed point of .

In this work, motivated by Browder [3], Lan and Wu [14], Morales and Jung [15], Song and Chen [19], and Zhou [22, 23], we consider the existence of convergence of paths for maximal monotone mappings in the framework of real Hilbert spaces.

## 2. Main Results

Lemma 2.1.

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space and a demicontinuous monotone mapping. Then is pseudomonotone.

Proof.

This completes the proof.

Lemma 2.2.

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space , a maximal monotone mapping, and a bounded, demicontinuous, and strongly monotone mapping. Then has a unique zero in .

Proof.

By using Lemma 2.1 and Theorem B2, we can obtain the desired conclusion easily.

Lemma 2.3.

where . Then, One has the following.

(i)Equation (2.10) has a unique solution for every .

(ii)If is bounded, then as .

where denotes the zero set of .

- (i)
From Lemma 2.2, one can obtain the desired conclusion easily.

- (ii)

This completes the proof.

Lemma 2.4.

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space and a maximal monotone mapping. Then . If one defines by , for all , then is a nonexpansive mapping with and , where denotes the set of fixed points of .

Proof.

This completes the proof.

Set . Let denote the Banach space of all bounded real value functions on with the supremum norm, a subspace of , and an element in , where denotes the dual space of . Denote by the value of at . If , for all , sometimes will be denoted by . When contains constants, a linear functional on is called a mean on if . We also know that if contains constants, then the following are equivalent.

(1) .

(2) , for all .

To prove our main results, we also need the following lemma.

Lemma 2.5 (see [20, Lemma 4.5.4]).

Now, we are in a position to prove the main results of this work.

Theorem 2.6.

Proof.

Remark 2.7.

From Theorem 2.6, we can obtain the following interesting fixed point theorem. The composition of bounded, demicontinuous, and strong pseudocontractions with the metric projection has a unique fixed point. That is, .

## Declarations

### Acknowledgment

The third author was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 10771050).

## Authors’ Affiliations

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