- Research Article
- Open Access

# Fixed Point Theorems for Suzuki Generalized Nonexpansive Multivalued Mappings in Banach Spaces

- A Abkar
^{1}and - M Eslamian
^{1}Email author

**2010**:457935

https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/457935

© A. Abkar and M. Eslamian. 2010

**Received:**1 March 2010**Accepted:**17 June 2010**Published:**1 July 2010

## Abstract

In the first part of this paper, we prove the existence of common fixed points for a commuting pair consisting of a single-valued and a multivalued mapping both satisfying the Suzuki condition in a uniformly convex Banach space. In this way, we generalize the result of Dhompongsa et al. (2006). In the second part of this paper, we prove a fixed point theorem for upper semicontinuous mappings satisfying the Suzuki condition in strictly spaces; our result generalizes a recent result of Domínguez-Benavides et al. (2009).

## Keywords

- Banach Space
- Fixed Point Theorem
- Nonexpansive Mapping
- Multivalued Mapping
- Common Fixed Point

## 1. Introduction

He then proved some fixed point and convergence theorems for such mappings. We shall at times refer to this concept by saying that is a generalized nonexpansive mapping in the sense of Suzuki. Very recently, the current authors used a modified Suzuki condition for multivalued mappings and proved a fixed point theorem for multivalued mappings satisfying this condition in uniformly convex Banach spaces (see [2]).

In this paper, we first present a common fixed point theorem for commuting pairs consisting of a single-valued and a multivalued mapping both satisfying the Suzuki condition. This result extends a result of Dhompongsa et al. [3].

In the next part, we shall consider a recent result of Domínguez-Benavides et al. [4] on the existence of fixed points in an important class of spaces which are usually called strictly spaces. These spaces contain all Lebesgue function spaces for . In this paper, we also generalize results of Domínguez-Benavides et al. [4] to upper semicontinuous mappings satisfying the Suzuki condition.

## 2. Preliminaries

We start by the following definition due to Suzuki.

Definition 2.1 (see [1]).

As the following example shows, the Suzuki condition is weaker than nonexpansiveness. Therefore, it is natural to call these mappings as "generalized nonexpansive mappings". However, we shall at times refer to these mappings as those satisfying the condition .

Example 2.2.

The mapping is continuous and satisfies the condition . However, is not nonexpansive.

Lemma 2.3 (see [1, Lemma ]).

Let be a mapping defined on a closed subset of a Banach space . Assume that satisfies the condition . Then is closed. Moreover, if is strictly convex and is convex, then is also convex.

Theorem 2.4 (see [5, Theorem ]).

Let be a nonempty bounded closed convex subset of a uniformly convex Banach space . Let be a mapping satisfying the condition ( ). Then has a fixed point.

Let be a multivalued mapping. An element is said to be a fixed point of provided that

Definition 2.5.

Suzuki's condition can be modified to incorporate multivalued mappings. This was done by the current authors in [2]. We call these mappings generalized multivalued nonexpansive mappings in the sense of Suzuki or multivalued mappings satisfying the condition . We now state Suzuki's condition for multivalued mappings as follows.

Definition 2.6.

Example 2.7.

It is not difficult to see that satisfies the Suzuki condition; however, is not nonexpansive.

The following lemma, proved by Goebel and Kirk [6], plays an important role in the coming discussions.

Lemma 2.8.

Let and be two bounded sequences in a Banach space , and let . If for every natural number we have and , then .

Definition 2.9.

A multivalued mapping is said to be upper semicontinuous on if is open in whenever is open.

We recall that if is single valued, then reduces to a continuous function.

## 3. Fixed Points in Uniformly Convex Banach Spaces

*asymptotic radius*of relative to . Similarly, the set is called the

*asymptotic center*of relative to . In the case that is a reflexive Banach space and is a nonempty closed convex bounded subset of , the set is always a nonempty closed convex subset of . To see this, observe that by the definition of , for each , the set

is closed and convex. Moreover, it follows from the weak compactness of that is nonempty. It is easy to see that if is uniformly convex and if is a closed convex subset of , then consists of exactly one point.

It is also known that if is uniformly convex and if is a nonempty closed convex subset of , then for any , there exists a unique point such that .

The following lemma was proved by Goebel and Lim.

Let be a bounded sequence in and let be a nonempty closed convex subset of . Then has a subsequence which is regular relative to .

Definition 3.2.

Let be a nonempty closed convex bounded subset of a Banach space , and let and be two mappings. Then and are said to be commuting mappings if for every such that and , we have .

Now the time is ripe to state and prove the main result of this section.

Theorem 3.3.

Let be a nonempty closed convex bounded subset of a uniformly convex Banach space . Let be a single-valued mapping, and let be a multivalued mapping. If both and satisfy the condition ( ) and if and are commuting, then they have a common fixed point, that is, there exists a point such that .

Proof.

By Theorem 2.4, the mapping has a nonempty fixed point set which is a closed convex subset of (by Lemma 2.3). We show that for , . To see this, let ; since and are commuting, we have for each . Therefore, is invariant under for each . Since is a bounded closed convex subset of the uniformly convex Banach space , we conclude that has a fixed point in and therefore, for

Since and , by the fact that the mappings and are commuting, we obtain . Now, by the uniqueness of as the nearest point to , we get

Since is regular, this shows that . And hence .

As a consequence, we obtain the theorem already proved by Dhompongsa et al. (see [3, Theorem ]).

Corollary 3.4.

Let be a nonempty closed convex bounded subset of a uniformly convex Banach space , , and a single-valued and a multivalued nonexpansive mapping, respectively. Assume that and are commuting mappings. Then there exists a point such that .

Corollary 3.5.

Let be a nonempty bounded closed convex subset of a uniformly convex Banach space , and let be a multivalued mapping satisfying the Suzuki condition (C). Then has a fixed point.

Corollary 3.6.

Let be a nonempty closed convex bounded subset of a uniformly convex Banach space , and let be a nonexpansive multivalued mapping. Then has a fixed point.

## 4. Strictly Spaces

Definition 4.1.

Let be a Banach space and let be a linear topology on . We say that is a strictly space if there exists a function satisfying the following

(v) , for every and for every bounded and -null sequence , where is defined by

In this case we also say that satisfies the strict property with respect to

Example 4.2 (see [9]).

Let be a positive -finite measure space. For every , consider the Banach space with the usual norm. Let be the topology of convergence locally in measure (clm). Then endowed with the clm-topology satisfies the property with

Definition 4.3.

Let be a Banach space and let be a linear topology on which is weaker than the norm topology. Let be a closed convex bounded subset of ; then for we write We say that has property ( ) if for every the set is a nonempty and norm-compact subset of .

Theorem 4.4.

Let be a strictly Banach space and let be a nonempty closed convex bounded subset of satisfying the property . Suppose, in addition, that is -sequentially compact. If satisfies the condition , and if is an upper semicontinuous mapping, then has a fixed point.

Proof.

by . From [10, Proposition ], we know that the mapping is upper semicontinuous. Since is a compact convex set, we can apply the Kakutani-Bohnenblust-Karlin Theorem (see [11]) to obtain a fixed point for and hence for .

Corollary 4.5.

Let be a strictly Banach space and let be a nonempty closed convex bounded subset of satisfying the property . Suppose, in addition, that is -sequentially compact. If is a nonexpansive mapping, then has a fixed point.

Corollary 4.6.

Let be a strictly Banach space and let be a nonempty closed convex and bounded subset of satisfying the property . Suppose, in addition, that is -sequentially compact. If is a continuous mapping satisfying the condition (C), then has a fixed point.

Finally we mention that by Example 2.2, this corollary generalizes the recent result of Domínguez-Benavides et al. [4].

## Authors’ Affiliations

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