- Research Article
- Open Access
© H. Fetter and B. Gamboa de Buen. 2010
- Received: 24 September 2009
- Accepted: 3 November 2009
- Published: 11 November 2009
We will use García-Falset and Lloréns Fuster's paper on the AMC-property to prove that a Banach space that embeds in a subspace of a Banach space with a 1-unconditional basis has the property AMC and thus the weak fixed point property. We will apply this to some results by Cowell and Kalton to prove that every reflexive real Banach space with the property and its dual have the and that a real Banach space such that is sequentially compact and has has the .
- Banach Space
- Equivalence Class
- Natural Number
- Differential Geometry
- Convex Subset
In 1988 Sims  introduced the notion of weak orthogonality and asked whether spaces with WORTH have the weak fixed point property . Since then several partial answers have been given. For instance, in 1993 García-Falset  proved that if is uniformly nonsquare and has WORTH then it has the , although Mazcuñán Navarro in her doctoral dissertation  showed that uniform nonsquareness is enough. In this work she also showed that WORTH plus 2-UNC implies the In both of these cases the space turns out to be reflexive. In 1994 Sims  himself proved that WORTH plus -inquadrate in every direction for some implies the and in 2003 Dalby  showed that if has and is -inquadrate in every direction for some , then has the .
Recently in 2008 Cowell and Kalton  studied properties and in a Banach space , where coincides with WORTH if is separable and in coincides with in if is a separable Banach space. Among other things they proved that a real Banach space with embeds almost isometrically in a space with a shrinking 1-unconditional basis and observed that and are equivalent if is reflexive.
We proved, using property AMC shown by García-Falset and Lloréns Fuster  to imply the , that spaces that embed in a space with a 1-unconditional basis have the Combining this with Cowell and Kalton's results we were able to show that a reflexive real Banach space with WORTH and its dual both have , giving a partial answer to Sims' question. We also showed that a separable space such that has and is sequentially compact has the .
Now we define the property which interests us in this paper, it was given by García-Falset and Lloréns Fuster in 1990 .
Lin in  showed that if has an unconditional basis with unconditional constant , then has the . García-Falset and Lloréns Fuster proved that in fact under these conditions has the AMC property which in turn implies the . We will follow the proof of this closely to establish the next theorem.
There has always been the conjecture that a space with property WORTH has the . We show here that this is correct as long as is reflexive. We also show that property in implies the in Banach spaces so that is sequentially compact and that WORTH together with WABS implies the as well. All these results are consequences of some theorems by Cowell and Kalton . First we need to recall some definitions.
If is separable and has , this coincides with the property defined in .
Cowell and Kalton in  proved the following three results.
Dalby  observed that property in a space implies property WORTH in and it follows that if is reflexive, then both properties are equivalent. From this and another theorem we are not going to mention here, Cowell and Kalton obtained the next theorem.
The third result we are going to use is as follows.
From this and our previous work it follows directly the following:
It is known that reflexivity implies WABS, and thus (II) implies (III), but we want to include (II) in order to deduce the next corollary. Properties and WABS are inherited by subspaces, and if has property and is sequentially compact, then the dual of any subspace of also has this property. Hence we have the following result.
If is a Banach space that satisfies (1), (2), or (3), every separable subspace has the and hence, since the is separably determined, has the . If is separable and reflexive and has property , then it has property as well and this implies by definition that also has property . Therefore both have the and hence the result follows for nonseparable reflexive spaces.
This work is partially supported by SEP-CONACYT Grant 102380. It is dedicated to W. A. Kirk.
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