- Research Article
- Open Access
Strong Convergence Theorems for Strict Pseudocontractions in Uniformly Convex Banach Spaces
Fixed Point Theory and Applications volume 2010, Article number: 150539 (2010)
The viscosity approximation methods are employed to establish strong convergence theorems of the modified Mann iteration scheme to -strict pseudocontractions in -uniformly convex Banach spaces with a uniformly Gâteaux differentiable norm. The main result improves and extends many nice results existing in the current literature.
Let be a real Banach space, and let be a nonempty closed convex subset . We denote by the normalized duality map from to defined by
A mapping is said to be a -strictly pseudocontractive mapping (see, e.g., ) if there exists a constant such that
for all . We note that the class of -strict pseudocontractions strictly includes the class of nonexpansive mappings which are mapping on such that
for all . Obviously, is nonexpansive if and only if is a -strict pseudocontraction. A mapping is said to be a -strictly pseudocontractive mapping with respect to if, for all , there exists a constant such that
A mapping is called -contraction if there exists a constant such that
We denote by the set of fixed point of , that is, .
Recall the definition of Mann's iteration; letbe a nonempty convex subsetand letbe a self-mapping of. For any, the sequenceis defined by
where is a real sequence in .
In the last ten years or so, there have been many nice papers in the literature dealing with the iteration approximating fixed points of Lipschitz strongly pseudocontractive mappings by utilizing the Mann iteration process. Results which had been known only for Hilbert spaces and Lipschitz mappings have been extended to more general Banach spaces and more general class of mappings; see, for example, [1–6] and the references therein for more information about this problem.
In 2007, Marino and Xu  showed that the Mann iterative sequence converges weakly to a fixed point of -strict pseudocontractions in Hilbert spaces. Meanwhile, they have proposed an open question; that is,is the result of[2, Theorem ]true in uniformly convex Banach spaces with Fréchet differentiable norm? In other words, can Reich's theorem [7, Theorem ], with respect to nonexpansive mappings, be extended to -strict pseudocontractions in uniformly convex Banach spaces?
In 2008, using the Mann iteration and the modified Ishikawa iteration, Zhou  obtained some weak and strong convergence theorems for -strict pseudocontractions in Hilbert spaces which extend the corresponding results in .
Recently, Hu and Wang  obtained that the Mann iterative sequence converges weakly to a fixed point of -strict pseudocontractions with respect to in -uniformly convex Banach spaces.
In this paper, we first introduce the modified Mann iterative sequence.Letbe a nonempty closed convex subset ofand letbe a-contraction. For any, the sequenceis defined by
where, for all, , andin. The iterative sequence (1.7) is a natural generalization of the Mann iterative sequences (1.6). If we take , for all , in (1.7), then (1.7) is reduced to the Mann iteration.
The purpose in this paper is to show strong convergence theorems of the modified Mann iteration scheme for -strict pseudocontractions with respect to in -uniformly convex Banach spaces with uniformly differentiable norm by using viscosity approximation methods. Our theorems improve and extend the comparable results in the following four aspects: in contrast to weak convergence results in [2–4], strong convergence theorems of the modified Mann iterative sequence are obtained in -uniformly convex Banach spaces; in contrast to the results in [7, 8], these results with respect to nonexpansive mappings are extended to -strict pseudocontractions with respect to ; the restrictions and in [8, Theorem ] are removed; our results partially answer the open question.
The modulus of convexity of is the function defined by
is uniformly convex if and only if, for all such that . is said to be -uniformly convex if there exists a constant such that . Hilbert spaces, (or ) spaces () and Sobolev spaces () are -uniformly convex. Hilbert spaces are -uniformly convex, while
A Banach space is said to have differentiable norm if the limit
exists for each , where . The norm of is a uniformlydifferentiable if for each , the limit is attained uniformly for . It is well known that if is a uniformly differentiable norm, then the duality mapping is single valued and norm-to-weak uniformly continuous on each bounded subset of .
Lemma 2.1 (see ).
Let be a real -uniformly convex Banach space, and let be a nonempty closed convex subset of . Let be a -strict pseudocontraction with respect to , and let be a real sequence in . If is defined by , for all , then for all , the inequality holds
where is a constant in [9, Theorem ]. In addition, if , , and , then , for all .
Lemma 2.2 (see ).
Let and be bounded sequences in a Banach space such that
where is a sequence in such that . Assuming
Let be a real Banach space. Then, for all and , the following inequality holds:
Lemma 2.4 (see ).
Let be a sequence of nonnegative real number such that
where is a sequence in and is a sequence in satisfying the following conditions: ; or . Then, .
3. Main Results
Let be a real -uniformly convex Banach space with a uniformly Gteaux differentiable norm, and let be a nonempty closed convex subset of which has the fixed point property for nonexpansive mappings. Let be a -strict pseudocontraction with respect to , and . Let be a -contraction with . Assume that real sequences , , and in satisfy the following conditions:
and , where .
For any , the sequence is generated by
where , for all . Then, the sequence converges strongly to a fixed point of .
Equation (3.1) can be expressed as follows:
Taking , we obtain from Lemma 2.1
Therefore, the sequence is bounded, and so are the sequences , , and . Since and the condition we know that is bounded. We estimate from (3.3) that
Since , where is the identity mapping, we have
and imply from (3.5) and (3.6) that
Hence, by Lemma 2.2, we obtain
From (3.3), we get
and so it follows from (3.8) and (3.9) that . Since and , we have
For any , defining , we have
Since is a nonexpansive mapping, we have from [12, Theorem ] that the net generated by converges strongly to , as . Clearly,
In view of Lemma 2.3, we find
Since the sequences , , and are bounded and , we obtain
where . We also know that
From the facts that , as , is bounded, and the duality mapping is norm-to-weak uniformly continuous on bounded subset of , it follows that
Combining (3.15), (3.16), and the two results mentioned above, we get
From (3.9) and the fact that the duality mapping is norm-to-weak uniformly continuous on bounded subset of , it follows that
and from Lemma 2.3, we find
From (3.18), (3.19), and the conditions it follows that and . Consequently, applying Lemma 2.4 to (3.21), we conclude that .
Let , , , , , and be as in Theorem 3.1. For any , the sequence is generated by
where , for all . Then the sequence converges strongly to a fixed point of .
Theorem 3.1 and Corollary 3.2 give strong convergence results in -uniformly convex Banach spaces for the modification of Mann iteration scheme in contrast to the weak convergence result in [2, Theorem ], [3, Theorem and Corollary ], and [4, Theorems and ].
In contrast to the results in [8, Theorem ], the restrictions and are removed.
Browder FE, Petryshyn WV: Construction of fixed points of nonlinear mappings in Hilbert space. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 1967, 20: 197–228. 10.1016/0022-247X(67)90085-6
Marino G, Xu H-K: Weak and strong convergence theorems for strict pseudo-contractions in Hilbert spaces. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 2007,329(1):336–346. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2006.06.055
Zhou H: Convergence theorems of fixed points for Lipschitz pseudo-contractions in Hilbert spaces. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 2008,343(1):546–556. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2008.01.045
Hu L-G, Wang J-P: Mann iteration of weak convergence theorems in Banach space. Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica. English Series 2009,25(2):217–224. 10.1007/s10255-007-7054-1
Liu L: Approximation of fixed points of a strictly pseudocontractive mapping. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society 1997,125(5):1363–1366. 10.1090/S0002-9939-97-03858-6
Osilike MO, Shehu Y: Cyclic algorithm for common fixed points of finite family of strictly pseudocontractive mappings of Browder-Petryshyn type. Nonlinear Analysis 2009,70(10):3575–3583. 10.1016/j.na.2008.07.015
Reich S: Weak convergence theorems for nonexpansive mappings in Banach spaces. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 1979,67(2):274–276. 10.1016/0022-247X(79)90024-6
Kim T-H, Xu H-K: Strong convergence of modified Mann iterations. Nonlinear Analysis 2005,61(1–2):51–60. 10.1016/j.na.2004.11.011
Xu H-K: Inequalities in Banach spaces with applications. Nonlinear Analysis 1991,16(12):1127–1138. 10.1016/0362-546X(91)90200-K
Suzuki T: Strong convergence theorems for infinite families of nonexpansive mappings in general Banach spaces. Fixed Point Theory and Applications 2005, (1):103–123.
Xu H-K: Iterative algorithms for nonlinear operators. Journal of the London Mathematical Society. Second Series 2002,66(1):240–256. 10.1112/S0024610702003332
Xu H-K: Viscosity approximation methods for nonexpansive mappings. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 2004,298(1):279–291. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2004.04.059
The authors would like to thank the referees for the helpful suggestions. Liang-Gen Hu was supported partly by Ningbo Natural Science Foundation (2010A610100), the NNSFC(60872095), the K. C. Wong Magna Fund of Ningbo University and the Scientific Research Fund of Zhejiang Provincial Education Department (Y200906210). Wei-Wei Lin was supported partly by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, SCUT(20092M0103). Jin-Ping Wang were supported partly by the NNSFC(60872095) and Ningbo Natural Science Foundation (2008A610018).
About this article
Cite this article
Hu, LG., Lin, WW. & Wang, JP. Strong Convergence Theorems for Strict Pseudocontractions in Uniformly Convex Banach Spaces. Fixed Point Theory Appl 2010, 150539 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/150539
- Hilbert Space
- Banach Space
- Nonexpansive Mapping
- Real Banach Space
- Nonempty Closed Convex Subset